Invitro Photo-Controlled Drug Release System Based on Amphiphilic Linear-Dendritic Diblock Copolymers; Self-Assembly Behavior and Application as Nanocarrier

Hassan Namazi1, Saeed Jafarirad

1University of Tabriz

Abstract


Purpose. A simple type of photoresponsive amphiphilic linear-dendritic diblock copolymer has been synthesized and investigated for its ability to act as a drug carrier. These structures contain hydrophilic polyethylene oxide monomethyl ether (PEOM) as hydrophilic block and carbosiloxane dendritic branches as hydrophobic block grafted by two and six Magneson II as azo chromophore, PEOM-Azo, 2 and PEOM-Azo, 6 respectively. Self-assembling of the amphiphilic macromolecules of PEOM-Azo, 2 and PEOM-Azo, 6, briefly were represented as PEOM-Azo [2, 6], leads to the formation of their micellar aggregates in aqueous media. Method. Their micellar properties such as critical micelle concentration (CMC), aggregation number and thereby total numbers of azo-groups in each micellar aggregates were determined. Also, they were characterized by TEM, SEM and DLS. Results. The unloaded aggregates examined under UV light (366 nm), which were observed to be smaller than 300 nm. The release patterns of the encapsulated drug molecule from these aggregates were investigated as regulated by the PEOM-Azo [2, 6] systems in trans and cis forms. Conclusion. A comparison of the release behavior of the loaded PEOM-Azo [2, 6] systems indicated that the release rate of the encapsulated active molecules from the carriers was slower when the azo moieties were in trans form as compared to that the azo in the cis form. The in vitro release behavior of drug from these polymeric systems represents potential of the carriers for controlled drug delivery.

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J Pharm Pharm Sci, 14 (2): 162-180, 2011

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