The essence of Bolivian politics can be conceptualized under four main aspects: the economy, political issues and context, indigenous identity, and democracy. A brief overview of the economy over the last hundred years is explored, and focuses on resource export. Economic policy in relation to Bolivia’s resources is closely tied to the success of political leaders, as policy resentment by the populace has led to the creation of political movements, parties, ousting of presidents, and the rise of a current populist leader. Indigenous identity underlies issues of water control and the coca industry. Evo Morales continues to successfully bring such issues to light, and is providing solutions of nationalization that agree with public sentiment, and may be helping to consolidate democracy.