"Whom Science' Hand has Drawn So Near": The Canadian Journal - Scientific Periodical, 1851-61
As the first periodical in Canada West devoted to matters of science and technology, the Canadian Journal represents an important development in the growth of an intellectual and academic culture in the Colonies. The Journal was established to serve as the record of the proceedings of the Canadian Institute, founded by Royal Charter in 1851 and devoted to encouraging and advancing "the Arts and Manufactures" and to facilitating the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge connected with engineering, architecture, and surveying. The Journal initially complied with these preliminary guidelines but it gradually evolved in new directions as the focus of both the Institute and its periodical shifted to meet the changing needs of a scientific community in a structurally shifting society. The changes in the journal over its first years illustrate the way an emergent scientific community interacted with, and indeed contributed to, an economy that was making its first, tentative steps toward capitalism and all that capitalism brought with it.