The Formation and Intention of the Haggai-Zechariah Corpus

Jakob Wöhrle

Abstract


Because of the similar dating system in the books of
Haggai and Zechariah, since the end of the 19th century it has been proposed
that these two books once formed an independent collection: the Haggai-Zechariah
corpus. But neither the formation nor the intention of this corpus has been
adequately explained. This article shows that only the book of Zechariah
underwent redaction in the course of the composition of this “Book of the Two.”
This position stands in contrast with the common assumption that both books
underwent redaction in the process. Then the article shows that the
Haggai-Zechariah corpus can be understood as a reaction to the decreasing hope
for divine salvation in the fifth century. In the light of, and despite the
negative experiences that characterize this period, the Haggai-Zechariah corpus
adheres to the promises of the early pre-exilic prophecy. But in order to adhere
to these promises, the conditions for their fulfillment had to be (re)defined.

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