Panethnicity and Ethnic Resources in Residential Integration: A Comparative Study of Two Host Societies

Ann H. Kim


The racial and ethnic structure of a host society as well as its institutional and
ideological context of integration shape the ethnic integration process. To
examine these forces for residential integration, this study compares three
panethnic groups in Canada and the United States using tabular data from the
2001 Canadian and the 2000 US censuses. Two ways in which the social context
is important are identified. First, the social context affects how groups are
distributed across urban neighbourhoods. As expected, being a Black ethnic
group meant being less segregated in Canada than in the US but Asian groups
were more segregated, controlling for group characteristics and the urban and
regional context. White ethnic groups in both countries were similarly
segregated. Second, the social context influences the process of incorporation
itself. The effect of ethnic resources, in terms of acculturation and socioeconomic status, was dependent on the group and host society. The results demonstrate that the national context plays a significant role in the way panethnic group membership influences the spatial processes of ethnic groups in the urban neighbourhoods of the two host societies.

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