Intestinal P-glycoprotein Expression is Multimodally Regulated by Intestinal Ischemia-Reperfusion

Yusuke Terada1, Jiro Ogura1, Takashi Tsujimoto1, Kaori Kuwayama1, Takahiro Koizumi1, Shunichi Sasaki1, Hajime Maruyama1, Masaki Kobayashi1, Hiroaki Yamaguchi1, Ken Iseki1

1Hokkaido University

Abstract


Purpose. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have multiple physiological effects that are amount-dependent. ROS are one of the causes of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we investigated whether the amount of ROS and the degree of intestinal I/R injury affect the expression level of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Methods. We used hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as ROS in in vitro experiments. Intestinal I/R model rats, which were subjected 15-min ischemia (I/R-15), were used in in vivo experiments. Results. P-gp expression in Caco-2 cells was increased in response to 1 µM of H2O2 but decreased upon exposure to 10 mM of H2O2. We previously reported that P-gp expression is decreased after intestinal I/R with 30-min ischemia (I/R-30), which time a large amount of ROS is generated. I/R-15 induced slightly less mucosal and oxidative injury than did I/R-30. P-gp expression in the jejunum was increased at 1 h after I/R-15, and ileal paracellular permeability was increased. The blood concentration of tacrolimus, a P-gp substrate, was lower during 0-20 min but was higher during 40-90 min post-administration compared with that in the sham-operated rats. P-gp expression in the ileum was decreased at 6 h after I/R-15, due to abnormal localization of P-gp, resulting in a high blood tacrolimus concentration in rats reperfused for 6 h. Conclusions. ROS multimodally regulate P-gp expression depending on its amount. This is important for understanding the pattern of P-gp expression after intestinal I/R.

 

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J Pharm Pharm Sci, 17 (2): 266-276, 2014

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